Diabetic Retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that directly affects the eyes. Having a yearly appointment, including a dilation, is the best preventative measure to take. It is important to note that pregnancy can worsen the symptoms of retinopathy. Let’s start by looking at a few signs of retinopathy.

Signs of Retinopathy

  • Spots or Floaters in Vision
  • Blurred Vision
  • Fluctuating Vision
  • Impaired Color Vision
  • Dark or Empty Areas in Vision
  • Vision Loss

What Happens with Retinopathy

  • High levels of sugar in your blood can lead to blockages of the tiny blood vessels that supply the retina.
  • New blood vessels will form but do not function as they should, leading to bulges or leakage.

Types of Diabetic Retinopathy

01 Early Diabetic Retinopathy:

  • Is more common in occurrence
  • Caused when new blood vessels are not developing as they should
  • Leakage of blood and other fluids into the retina
  • Requires treatment

02 Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy:

  • Damaged blood vessels close off and the formation of new and abnormally shaped blood vessels form in the retina.
  • Scar tissue, that forms from this abnormal blood vessel growth, can cause the retina to detach from the eye in severe cases.
  • Can cause pressure buildup in the eye
  • Can result in glaucoma
  • Requires treatment

Prevention

The following actions will help prevent Diabetic Retinopathy.

  • Proper Diabetes Management
  • Monitoring Blood Sugar Levels
  • Keep Other Chronic Conditions Under Control (high blood pressure and high cholesterol)
  • Stop the Use of Tobacco
  • Closely Monitor Vision Changes

It is also important to note that early detection and treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy can reduce the risk of blindness by 95%. Taking action today can help maintain your vision. If you have any more questions, be sure to check with your Health Advisor. We’re here to help!

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